Natural cherry wood is perhaps the most prized furniture hardwood in America. Easily the most popular seller, cherry is a smooth-grained, reddish-brown hardwood that comes from the American Black Cherry fruit tree.
Walnut is an all-around popular choice for woodworking. It has a fine texture and works extremely well with hand and power tools. Walnut is prized for use in furniture, cabinets, cutting boards, gunstocks, and a multitude of other projects.
The ash belongs to the so-called heartwood trees: the heart and sapwood are generally whitish to yellowish or white-reddish. Occasionally a light or dark-brown colored heartwood can develop, in rare cases an olive colored heartwood develops, the wood of which is much in demand due to its similarity to olive tree wood.
Cedar has a very colorful grain that tends to be a reddish to violet-brown color. This type of wood is prone to knots and makes for interesting finished pieces.
Maple is a beautiful wood to apply a clear coat. The tight grain makes pore filling unnecessary and it is easy to get a glass like finish The maple can be very white and often show nice curl. The heartwood is tan to gray in color, often with extreme color changes.
Mahogany is a much sought-after wood, based on it's resilience and beauty. It is commonly regarded as the world's leading wood for fine quality furniture, cabinets, sculptures and carvings.
Oak is the most common of all the hardwoods. Its familiar grain pattern has become so popular that oak furniture, particularly antique furniture, is referred to as "traditional."
All of the pines produce branches at the nodes of the trunk in a whorl shape. This characteristic allows you to place the growth rings of the branches into specific locations on the piece to give a unique look.
Hickory wood can display a wide range of colors. Some pieces contain a light yellowish-brown color; others have dark reddish-brown streaks and others black line spalting. It will often contain a variety of colors. Hickory is closely related to pecan and is very similar in appearance.
Zebrawood heartwood is a golden-yellow with narrow veining or streaks of dark brown to black which gives quartered surfaces a zebra-stripe appearance. Grain is interlocked or wavy and produces alternating hard and soft grained material. Texture is coarse with a lustrous surface.
Poplar is suitable for furniture framing, drawers, toys, flooring, boxes and crates, veneers and plywood. Soft, yet versatile. Woolly, yet splinter resistant. Poplar is a time-tested and proven wood for both amateur woodworkers and seasoned furniture makers.
Color tends to be a light, yellowish brown. Sapwood is nearly white. Some boards can have scattered pockets of darker wood that have been attacked by fungi, which is sometimes called pecky cypress. It has a straight grain and medium to coarse texture.